IOS XR key authentication

long, long time ago I’ve written a post about how to authenticate with keys via SSH to devices working under the control of IOS XE and ASA/FTD. since the big boys usually work with IOS XR, below is a quick guide on how to import keys to this system in versions 7.0+. OpenSSH and PEM format first step is to convert the format used normally by OpenSSH to PEM. this can be done with ssh-keygen:...

July 30, 2023 · Łukasz Bromirski

bgp blackholing is back

BGP Blackholing is back - with small steps (‘better done than perfect’). go ahead and visit the current project page with “quick howto”. happy blackholing!

February 28, 2022 · Łukasz Bromirski

bgp in the lab #3

after last blog on sharing full bgp feed for IPv4, I got a number of interesting questions. given many of you were asking to have also IPv6 available, I decided to extend the project to cover that as well. disclaimer you’re doing this ON YOUR OWN. i’m not responsible for anything on your end and service itself. so if it crashes your router, makes all traffic to follow different paths, or essentially anything that you can’t control - you’re completely on your own....

October 7, 2020 · Łukasz Bromirski

world wide convergence of BGP

Daniel Dib asked recently on Twitter about BGP convergence time for world wide operations. two hours he got in response from his friend seemed a bit too long. I did recently help to spin up new ASN with new IPv4 prefix (well, both came from second hand, but you get the point) and as far as I could tell, propagation took around 15 minutes maximum. so in the interest of self-education, I started digging....

September 24, 2020 · Łukasz Bromirski